may be filed by Lawful Permanent Residents who meet the following
The immigrant is age 18 or older.
immigrant is a permanent resident (has a Green Card) now and during
all of the past 5 years.
An alien must reside in the United States for a
continuous period prior to the filing of the naturalization application.If
an alien is not married to an American citizen, he must reside in
the U.S. for a continuous period of five years after lawful
admission to the U.S. as a permanent resident. If an alien is married
to a U.S. citizen, he must reside in the U.S. for a continuous
period of three years following lawful admission to the U.S. as a
permanent resident. A prolonged absence from the U.S. will break
the continuity of the alien's residence in the U.S. for
naturalization purposes, although it may not affect the alien's
ability to return to the U.S. as a permanent resident. An absence
from the U.S. of less than six months does not break the alien's
continuity of residence in the U.S. for naturalization purposes.
However, an alien's absence from the U.S. of six months or more
breaks an alien's continuity of residence. If the break is from six
months to one year, the break can be excused if a reasonable
explanation can be given for the alien's absence (e.g. overseas
employment). If the break is over a year, an alien's continuity of
residence can be preserved, and the break can be excused, if steps
are taken prior to the expiration of a year abroad to preserve
the residence and certain qualifications are met.
Residence Requirement: An alien applying for naturalization must
physically reside in the U.S. for one half the period of
continuous residence required within the period required for
continuous residence. For aliens who are married to a U.S. citizen,
the alien must have been physically present in the United States
accumulatively for eighteen months within three years prior to
the date of filing the application. For aliens not married to a
U.S.citizen, the alien must have been physically present in the
United States accumulatively for thirty months within five years
prior to the date of filing the naturalization application. This
requirement is cumulative but not continuous. An alien can leave and
come back to the United States within the three or five years as
much as he wants as long as he does not break continuity of
residence, and as long as his total time spent in the United States
adds up to eighteen or thirty months.
The immigrant has
resided in his or her current state for at least 3 months. The
immigrant's current state is the state where he or she is
submitting the application for naturalization The immigrant has
not broken any immigration law. The immigrant has not been ordered to
leave the US.
The immigrant has not been a member of the
Communist Party at any time during the past 10 years. The
immigrant can show at least 5 years of good moral character. The
immigrant believes in the principles of the US constitution.
The immigrant can speak, understand, read, and write simple
English during an INS interview.
The immigrant can pass
the INS test on US history and government.
The immigrant can
take an oath of allegiance to the United States.